An electric bike is for all intents and purposes an ordinary everyday bicycle that has been equipped by having an electric motor to aid in its propulsion. These motors are, limited by Federal Law, to 750 watts of power and 20 miles each hour top speed.
Most electric bikes are designed to generally meet that specification but some do exceed them. Electric bicycles could be built from kits for about $500 to $800 dollars or purchased new for between $400 to $3500 dollars. Just like any product and especially a vehicle, you usually get what you pay for. Electric bicycles are powered with a rechargeable battery(s), and the average range is just about 20 miles. The number may differ greatly with respect to the weight of the bike and rider, wheel size, design of riding and terrain. They come in a wide variety of styles and sizes from small electric folding bikes with 16 and 20-inch wheels for commuters and apartment dwellers to 28 inch and 700c sizes. Electric bicycles require no licenses or insurance to operate but many states do have age limitations.
The most common form of motor utilized in electric bikes is a hub motor. These can be used on either leading or rear wheels and do not require chains, belts or gears beste elektrische fiets. Essentially the motor may be the hub of the wheel and contains two concentric rings of opposing electromagnets. When power from the battery is placed on the motor the opposing magnetic force causes the wheel to spin. This sort of motor is nearly completely silent and requires no maintenance. The higher the wattage of the motor, the more power it provides. One caveat however. There’s no standard for measuring wattage. Many marketers of these products use their peak output numbers rather than the operating output numbers. A motor rated at 1000 watts peak may be a 500-watt motor in its standard operating output. Make sure you find out which. Only standard operating output is really comparable.
Batteries may also be very important in regards to these products. The most common battery sealed lead acid (SLA) may be the most inexpensive and provides the greatest amp hours (ah). However, SLA batteries weigh 3 times exactly what a lithium battery does and last less when compared to a third as long. A Lithium LiFePO4 battery is the most expensive battery and has low ah, but is undoubtedly the lightest weight and longest lasting. You would have to purchase, install, and dump 12 12volt SLA batteries before you come close to the life span of just one 48 volt LiFePO4 battery. Nickel cadmium and other batteries fall somewhere in between. A light lithium battery usually slides from the battery rack for quick recharge indoors rather than having to discover a store in which to plug the whole bike. Lithium batteries are undoubtedly the most ecologically friendly of all batteries available.
The electric bikes built from kits can be often your very best bet with regards to price and performance. Most of the bicycles that folks already own are superior machines to a lot of that have been designed as electric bikes. If you decide on your kit carefully you will get a better motor, better battery, and many other features that you cannot find on a manufacturer built bike and your converted bike will often weigh less. An excellent kit should have the motor pre built in to a wheel (a front wheel kit is much simpler to install), dual brake motor cutoff, a pose or thumb throttle, a motor controller, wiring harness, and a battery mounting rack with a lock mechanism.
An excellent kit will also have wiring diagrams, mounting hardware, wire ties and complete instructions. Very expensive factory built electric bicycles tend to appear a lot more like motorcycles, are very heavy and hard to pedal but go no faster or farther than a relatively inexpensive bike or kit built bike. They do look cool though! Also, you may wish to purchase your kit from somebody who will be able to assist you through the installation process in the remote case that you have a question or problem. In the event that you will convert your existing bicycle, be sure that it’s good operating condition and if you will build a bike from an equipment of 500 watts or more, make use of a bike with a steel front fork. Very powerful front wheel motors can pull free from or damage aluminum and suspension forks. You don’t require lots of gearing in an electrical bicycle if you don’t will utilize it as a mountain bike. For street bikes, six or seven gears are far more than sufficient. If you decide on to get a manufacturer built bike, find one you able to totally control, feel comfortable riding and that has most of the options you are looking for.
By having an electric bike you can pedal independently of the motor, pedal with the motor for extended range and exercise or use power alone. They’re almost silent, require no fuel and tune ups, produce no emissions and can very often be ridden where other motorized vehicles are prohibited. You can take an electrical bike anywhere a regular bike is allowed including on many subway and bus systems, bike trails, and bicycle lanes. Electric bicycles could be stored indoors, a thing that can not be done with liquid fueled vehicles.
Anyone that will ride a bicycle can ride an electrical bike and a person with basic tool skills can install an electrical bike conversion kit. For those who have difficulties with two wheeled bicycles, you can find adult electric tricycles and conversion kits for adult tricycles as well. These operate the exact same way and might help provide excellent transportation alternatives for seniors and handicapped.